Characters º The Secret of Our Success: How Culture Is Driving Human Evolution Domesticating Our Species and Making Us Smarter È PDF DOC TXT eBook or Kindle ePUB free

Free download The Secret of Our Success: How Culture Is Driving Human Evolution, Domesticating Our Species, and Making Us Smarter

Characters º The Secret of Our Success: How Culture Is Driving Human Evolution, Domesticating Our Species, and Making Us Smarter È PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free â ❰Download❯ N crucial ways Later on some collective brains generated and recombined powerful The Secret of Our Success PDFEPUBconcepts such as the lever wheel screw and writing while also creating the institutions that continue to alter our motivations and perceptions Henrich shows how our genetics and biology are inextricably interwoven with cultural evolution and how culture gene interactions launched our species on an extraordinary evolutionary trajectoryTracking clues from our ancient past to the present The Secret of Our Success explores how the evolution of both our cultural and social natures produce a collective intelligence that explains both our species' immense success and the origins of human uniuene. Excellent description of why humans are different from other animals and so why we’ve largely done so well

Joseph Henrich ☆ 2 Download

N our innate intelligence but in our collective brains―on the ability of human groups to socially interconnect and learn from one another over generationsDrawing insights from lost European explorers clever chimpanzees mobile hunter gatherers neuroscientific findings ancient bones The Secret of ePUB #180 and the human genome Joseph Henrich demonstrates how our collective brains have propelled our species' genetic evolution and shaped our biology Our early capacities for learning from others produced many cultural innovations such as fire cooking water containers plant knowledge and projectile weapons which in turn drove the expansion of our brains and altered our physiology anatomy and psychology i. This book has characteristics that I associate with academic writing it is verbose repetitive and lacking in detailed facts Also the author seems to have been living in a cave for the last ten years as he doesn't seem to have heard of the replication crisis in psychology and the social sciencesYou can't say that his concept is new it has been clear every since Darwin that the human body itself has been altered by our culture most accounts of human evolution have for as long as I can remember started by pointing out that humans are not very fast or very strong and have small teeth and no claws to speak of These characteristics must have evolved gradually as we developed teamwork and technologyHowever the description of the way in which every human society has far technology than one person could invent in a lifetime is full of interesting facts and very worthwhile So is the emphasis of accurate transmission of human knowledge and expertise from one generation to the next For a million years we have evolved not only to learn from our elders but to study them to decide which ones are the most successful and the most worth learning from

Review å PDF, DOC, TXT, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ☆ Joseph Henrich

The Secret of Our Success How Culture Is Driving Human Evolution Domesticating Our Species and Making Us SmarterSecret of PDF #186 How our collective intelligence has helped us to evolve and prosperHumans are a puzzling species On the one hand we struggle to survive on our own in the wild often failing to overcome even basic challenges like obtaining food building shelters or avoiding predators On the other hand human groups have produced ingenious technologies sophisticated languages The Secret of Our Success PDFEPUBand complex institutions that have permitted us to successfully expand into a vast range The Epubof diverse environments What has enabled us to dominate the globe than any other species while remaining virtually helpless as lone individuals This book shows that the secret of our success lies not i. For a long time I've disliked the flimsy ad hoc use of culture as an explanation for social phenomena It favors a rhetorical trick I call cultural over fitting that goes a little bit like this Take something difficult to understand like economic growth social conflict or the prevalence of extreme poverty and recall how it's mostly explained by observable features like the stock of physical capital or land lock in but also by unobservable ones Proceed to suggest how some characteristic of culture that you define falls into the unobservable features At this point it'd be good to give it a familiar name trust entrepreneurial drive social cohesion etc Then act as if you knew how your explanan behaves to whatever end you seek if you want to say it causes growth or poverty go ahead and do it; if you want to say it hinders growth or reduces poverty go ahead and do that too Perform this feat as often as you like culture's vague boundaries can be made to be whatever you want them to beCultural over fitting correlates well with any outcome so it never really helps explain anythingThen I read Henrich's explanation for why blue eyes are a product of culture and genetic evolution As humans moved to higher altitudes the lower exposure to sunlight reduced the ability of UVB light to synthetize vitamin D given that melanin in dark skin blocks much of this process Some populations in the Baltic area did not have a high vitamin D in their diet because they had already switched to agriculture heavy on cereals which are not as high in vitamin D as other diets like those of other populations in high altitudes who fished eg eskimos The combination of the selective pressure to maximize vitamin D from sunlight in a cereal fed population led to the specific mutation in HERC2 gene which affected nearby OCA2 gene that reduced melanin in the skin a mutation that also happens to reduce melanin in the eyes and therefore causes blue and green eyes If cultural evolution hadn’t produced agriculture and specifically techniues and technologies suitable for higher latitudes then there would be no blue or green eyes p 85 This is the oddly named The Secret of Our Success at its best a complex web of experimental and theoretical insights from all behavioral sciences that explains culture's role in human evolutionCulture Henrich argues is not whatever the user of the over fitting trick I described above wants it to be but an even larger bag of tricks made by the interaction between information embedded in our genes and information stored and updated in our collective minds Our species’ uniueness and thus our ecological dominance arises from the manner in which cultural evolution often operating over centuries or millennia can assemble cultural adaptations p 33 The array of cultural adaptations as described in this book is astonishing the digestive system lactose tolerance sweat faith tolerance to alcohol divination rituals spicing food prestige menopause altruism and language itself are all elements that embody cultural evolution which Henrich describes as a conseuence of genetically evolved psychological adaptations for learning from other people p 35 At some point in our evolutionary past humans crossed a threshold where culture could serve as an information repository of knowledge and provoke adaptations in a uicker way than genes couldThe carefully chosen anthropological psychological economical historical and experimental evidence Henrich uses to illustrate his points are exemplary they are unforgettable The Naskapi ritualistic solution for hunting caribou prey that effectively randomizes their hunting ground to maximize the likelihood of success Or how societies can forget to make and manipulate fire Or how the hunting strategies imparted by grandmother killer whales on their grandchildren to catch seals near the coast can help explain human menopause Or the similarity and later divergence in learning capabilities between chimpanzees and human children as both grow up The book is full of astonishing examples that still provoke a sense of awe upon recollectionCulture is social learning Powered by networks of brains which are reinforced by social norms it helps accumulate knowledge through generations altering our biology and shaping our genes The Success of Our Success is a great example of its main message as it distills a very complex deep argument in a clear and rigorous wayThis book is a social science jewel Unforgettable and erudite of the likes of Diamond's Guns germs and steel and Beinhocker's The origin of wealth I hope to re read it soon