eBook í NeuroTribes Ü The Legacy of Autism and the Future of Neurodiversity Read Î Join or create book clubs


ePub NeuroTribes

eBook í NeuroTribes Ü The Legacy of Autism and the Future of Neurodiversity Read Î Join or create book clubs Á [Ebook] ➠ NeuroTribes: The Legacy of Autism and the Future of Neurodiversity By Join or create book clubs – Danpashley.co.uk WS What is autism a lifelong disability or a naturally occurring form of cognitive difference akin to certain forms of genius? In truth it is both of these things andand the future of our society depends on our understanding it Wired reporter Steve Silberman unearths the secret history of autism long suppressed by the same clinicians who became famous for discovering it and finds surprising answers to the crucial uestion of why the number of diagnoses has soared in recent yearsGoing back to the earliest days of autism research and chronicling the brave and lonely journey of autistic people and their families through the decades Silberman provides long sought solutions to the autism puzzle while mapping out a path for our society toward ahumane world in which people with learning differences and those who love them have access to the resources they need to live happier healthiersecure andmeaningful livesAlong the way he reveals the untold story of Hans Asperger the father of Asperger's syndrome whose little professors were targeted by the darkest social engineering experiment in human history; exposes the covert campaign by child psychiatrist Leo Kanner to suppress knowledge of the autism spectrum for 50 years; and casts light on the growing movement of neurodiversity activists seeking respect support technological innovation accommodations in the workplace and in education and the right to self determination for those with cognitive differenc The story of people with disabilities is dominated by the issue of the 'dis' in 'disability' Whether the approach is medical educational or social the focus is on the deficits in a person's condition This book tells the story of autism from a different perspective leaving the reader to wonder how we could have got it so wrong for so long It tells of earnest egos storming down side streets getting nowhere of experimenters inflicting horrible 'treatments' behind the smokescreen of 'science' But it also tells how the greatest strides and the most worthwhile contribution came from autistic people their preferred term themselves Would that someone could write a similar story for people with Down's syndrome or cerebral palsy This really is a first class book at many levels

NeuroTribes The Legacy of Autism and the Future of NeurodiversityS What is autism a lifelong disability or a naturally occurring form of cognitive difference akin to certain forms of genius? In truth it is both of these things andand the future of our society depends on our understanding it Wired reporter Steve Silberman unearths the secret history of autism long suppressed by the same clinicians who became famous for discovering it and finds surprising answers to the crucial uestion of why the number of diagnoses has soared in recent yearsGoing back to the earliest days of autism research and chronicling the brave and lonely journey of autistic people and their families through the decades Silberman provides long sought solutions to the autism puzzle while mapping out a path for our society toward ahumane world in which people with learning differences and those who love them have access to the resources they need to live happier healthiersecure andmeaningful livesAlong the way he reveals the untold story of Hans Asperger the father of Asperger's syndrome whose little professors were targeted by the darkest social engineering experiment in human history; exposes the covert campaign by child psychiatrist Leo Kanner to suppress knowledge of the autism spectrum for 50 years; and casts light on the growing movement of neurodiversity activists seeking respect support technological innovation accommodations in the workplace and in education and the right to self determination for those with cognitive differenc The story of people with disabilities is dominated by the issue of the 'dis' in 'disability' Whether the approach is medical educational or social the focus is on the deficits in a person's condition This book tells the story of autism from a different perspective leaving the reader to wonder how we could have got it so wrong for so long It tells of earnest egos storming down side streets getting nowhere of experimenters inflicting horrible 'treatments' behind the smokescreen of 'science' But it also tells how the greatest strides and the most worthwhile contribution came from autistic people their preferred term themselves Would that someone could write a similar story for people with Down's syndrome or cerebral palsy This really is a first class book at many levels

pdf ç The Legacy of Autism and the Future of Neurodiversity À Join or create book clubs

NeuroTribes: The Legacy of Autism and the Future of Neurodiversity ☆ What is autism a lifelong disability or a naturally occurring form of cognitive difference akin to certain forms of genius? In truth it is both of these things andand the future of our society depends on our understanding it Wired reporter Steve Silberman unearths the secret history of autism long suppressed by the same clinicians who became famous for discovering it and finds surprising answers to the crucial uestion of why the number of diagnoses has soared in recent yearsGoing back to the earliest days of autism research and chronicling the brave and lonely journey of autistic people and their families through the decades Silberman provides long sought solutions to the autism puzzle while mapping out a path for our society toward ahumane world in which people with learning differences and those who love them have access to the resources they need to live happier healthiersecure andmeaningful livesAlong the way he reveals the untold story of Hans Asperger the father of Asperger's syndrome whose little professors were targeted by the darkest social engineering experiment in human history; exposes the covert campaign by child psychiatrist Leo Kanner to suppress knowledge of the autism spectrum for 50 years; and casts light on the growing movement of neurodiversity activists seeking respect support technological innovation accommodations in the workplace and in education and the right to self determination for those with cognitive differences I teach courses in disability studies at Davidson College and I found this book amazing on several levels First it's just beautifully written opening with the story of an eighteenth century scientist and framing his story as an autism narrative What that does however is suggest from the beginning the visionary and different uality of this book it is about claiming a history for autism and for autistic people as a community It situates the history of autism within medical history but also and critically within social history And there is some critical history to be foregrounded such as the idea that Hans Asperger's ideas laid an important basis for accepting autism as a kind of neurodiversity itself an even important notion when we remember as Silberman reminds us that Asperger was doing this against the tide of eugenicist thinking perpetrated by Nazism and used to justify genocide Silberman's book interweaves stories of autistic people and their familiies throughout history and empathetically but clearly shows why the emphasis on cure has had such damaging effects Instead his work encourages us to understand disability as difference and autism as a source of creativity and neurodiversity that our modern world would be a different and lesser place without It's important to note that he does not romanticize how difficult things can be for autistic people and caregivers But as he points out that has so much to do with lack of social supports and resources than it does with the actual embodiments of autistic people The emphasis on cure has cost us so much what could an emphasis on embracing neurodiversity bring us as a society instead? This is what we disability studies scholars call disability gain and this book invites us to imagine it beautifully I found it moving smart engaging sensitive forthright and a critical work of disability history and justice It's refreshing to see a work that reminds us that disability is about human variation not personal tragedy and that cure is not always the ideal despite our society's emphasis on normalcy pdf ç The Legacy of Autism and the Future of Neurodiversity À Join or create book clubs

Join or create book clubs À The Legacy of Autism and the Future of Neurodiversity pdf

Join or create book clubs À The Legacy of Autism and the Future of Neurodiversity pdf What is autism a lifelong disability or a naturally occurring form of cognitive difference akin to certain forms of genius? In truth it is both of these things andand the future of our society depends on our understanding it Wired reporter Steve Silberman unearths the secret history of autism long suppressed by the same clinicians who became famous for discovering it and finds surprising answers to the crucial uestion of why the number of diagnoses has soared in recent yearsGoing back to the earliest days of autism research and chronicling the brave and lonely journey of autistic people and their families through the decades Silberman provides long sought solutions to the autism puzzle while mapping out a path for our society toward ahumane world in which people with learning differences and those who love them have access to the resources they need to live happier healthiersecure andmeaningful livesAlong the way he reveals the untold story of Hans Asperger the father of Asperger's syndrome whose little professors were targeted by the darkest social engineering experiment in human history; exposes the covert campaign by child psychiatrist Leo Kanner to suppress knowledge of the autism spectrum for 50 years; and casts light on the growing movement of neurodiversity activists seeking respect support technological innovation accommodations in the workplace and in education and the right to self determination for those with cognitive difference Steve Silberman is a journalist and writer for WIRED magazine who has written many readable stories on medicine and human health In this book he brings many years of reporting and training to delve upon one of the most prominent health issues of our time – autismSilberman’s book is rich in both human and scientific detail and shines in three aspects Firstly he meticulously traces the history of autism and the lives of the neurologists psychologists and doctors who chased its elusive identity He focuses especially on two psychologists Leo Kanner in the United States and Hans Asperger in Nazi controlled Vienna who identified the syndrome and pioneered its study through observations on hundreds of cases Asperger was the first one to identify a variety of signs and symptoms that contribute to what we now call autism spectrum disorder and his studies were expansive and nuanced Silberman’s account of both the foibles and the triumphs of these two individuals is fascinating while Kanner’s fault was in assigning the blame for autism to parents he coined the phrase refrigerator mother and focusing on children Asperger identified mostly high functioning autistic savants in his publications for a chilling reason – so that the lower functioning cases could avoid the ghastly fate met by victims of the Nazis’ euthanasia program which aimed at eliminating “mentally feeble” individuals Both Kenner and Asperger meant well and in Asperger’s case his withholding of the identities of autistic people literally meant the difference between life and deathAnd yet as Silberman so adeptly demonstrates this was one of those cases where the intentions of humane and well meaning researchers actually caused harm to public perceptions of the syndrome Kanner and Asperger’s story is an instructive lesson in both the vagaries of scientific discovery and human nature and the sometimes unfortunate intersection of science with politics The selective reporting of high functioning patients in case of Asperger and children in case of Kanner led to a massive underreporting of autistic cases and the creation of a guilt complex among parents It also led to a delay in the recognition of autism as a spectrum of disorders Autism Spectrum Disorders rather than a narrowly defined condition It wasn't until 1981 that English researcher Lorna Wing finally publicized Asperger's wide ranging observations; and it wasn't until 1991 before German researcher Uta Frith finally translated his workEncouraged by Wing's work when the diagnostic manual DSM III R finally classified autism as a widespread and bonafide syndrome with a textured and wide ranging spread of symptoms and issues Kanner and Asperger’s inadvertent underreporting of cases led everyone to believe that there was a sudden ‘epidemic’ of autism a belief that triggered even soul searching and the assignment of cause and effect to all kinds of environmental variables including vaccines Much of the media with its emphasis on sensationalism and simplistic explanations at the expense of subtlety and complexity did not help matters although ironically as Silberman tells us it was a movie Rainman that brought a lot of public attention to autism It is in the second half of the book that Silberman sternly clamps down on fraudulent claims of connections between autism and vaccination including the retracted work published by Andrew WakefieldFinally Silberman’s detailed account draws up wonderful and sometimes very moving portraits of families and individuals affected by autism Also included are capsule portraits of famous people with autism and Asperger's syndrome like Nikola Tesla and Temple Grandin Silberman makes it clear that such people defy easy classification and we do them and ourselves a disservice when we stereotype and bin them into discrete categories He interviews hundreds of people who are stricken by the syndrome and tells us the stories of both adults and children who first struggled to cope with the disease and then found solace in meeting similar people and connecting with support networks He also profiles families from a remarkably wide cross section of society – from people living below the poverty line to wealthy California families who are convinced by unverified connections between the environment and autism Silberman does not agree with them but he empathizes with their concerns and tries to understand them Fortunately the stigma associated with autism spectrum disorders is gradually giving way to a subtle understanding but as Silberman indicates there is still a long way to go As the title puts it his plea is for a world that appreciates neurodiversity; the fact that even people regarded as psychologically different can have very important and valuable perspectives to offerIf I had some minor gripes with the book they were with the sometimes long winded digressions on the lives of autism researchers and patients and the relative lack of discussion of cutting edge biomedical and neurological research on the topic including work from genomics and drug discovery But these are minor gripes Silberman has painted a rich empathetic portrait of a devastating baffling but ultimately comprehensible disorder and its history which we all owe ourselves to appreciate Because ultimately as the central message of this book reveals the cure for autism is in understanding and empathy The cure lies in human nature itself